Ticino Shotokan Karate will do a performance and talk about Karate according to the practice and philosophy of martial art spread by Master Tsutomu Ohshima. Master Tsutomu Ohshima is commissioned as the first expert to teach Karate in America. He arrived there in 1955 and in 1956 he founded the first Karate association, which will become the „Shotokan Karate of America“. In 1957 he also founded the first University Club of Karate in the prestigious California Institute of Technology and, in the same year, he also kicked off the first public demonstration of Karate in America, the Nissei Week Festival of Los Angeles, an event which is still organized every year.
The name Shotokan is probably the most popular one in the world of Karate nowadays. The origin of the name Shotokan derives from „Shoto“, which means „the wind that passes through the pines“ and which was also the pen name of Master Gichin Funakoshi when he signed his poems. The word „Kan“ means home or training place.
The Aikido group from the Judo Budo Club in Lugano will do a performance of Aikido.
The Aikido was born in Japan and is codified by its founder, Master Ueshiba, only in the 1850s: it comes from the ancient AIKI-JITSU, which main goal was to give some practical answers to the problems of the fight. The AIKI-DO is a martial art that, thanks to the DO, it differentiates itself from the JITSU compared to the application and the morality of who practices it. The AIKI-DO uses the AIKI for an evolutive aim of research, whereas the JITSU is the fight, the use of the same knowledge for practical purposes. The Aikido, as every martial art, should highlight the word art: art meaning the expressive modality of the human being, which is the essential nucleus. Although the Aikido is not actually used as martial art only but as a wider art of life, it is studied as an economic, relational and behavioral strategy.
The word Aikido is formed by three ideograms: „AI“ means union, relation, relationship with one self and the others. „KI“ means energy (universal and personal), spirituality, vitality, whereas „DO“ is the Japanese inversion from the Chinese „Tao“ and in English it can be translated as the way, or the research that the man goes through in his life: in other words, his spiritual and personal evolution, with the purpose of understanding the self. We could then translate Aikido as „the research of evolution in relation to the self and the others through vitality“. Being alive in relation to the self and the others.